The Region - "Carpets Girth"

The rugs are produced in a vast region that includes Turkey (Anatolia), Iran (Ancient Persia), Central Asia, India, and China. This area is known by the name “Carpets Girth”.

The best known are those produced in Iran (Persia) and Turkey (Anatolia), which even originated the name of the main knots used in their production: the Turkish knot (or ghiordes) and the Persian knot (senneh).

The oldest carpet that survived the times ( PAZYRIK ), was found in a tomb on the border of Russia and Mongolia in 600 BC in a valley in the Altai Mountains.  Infiltration of water invaded the tomb, freezing and protecting the carpet, until 1949 when it was found. Since this time the history of the carpet has been linked to the history of Persia. However, it was between 1449 and 1722, in the Sefavid dynasty, that there was a real expansion in the art of weaving, penetrating Europe between 1587 and 1629, during the reign of Shah Abbas.

In Persia, the production of carpets can be divided into two major groups: those produced in the cities of the central plateau (floral), and those produced by the tribes that roam the mountains and deserts (geometric). Carpets are identified by the names of cities, tribes or regions.

Names of cities that produce floral rugs

Bidjar – Nain – Mushkebad – Feraghan – Kashan – Sultanabad – Heriz – Kerman – Sarouck – Tabriz – Ispahan – Teheran

Names of cities that produce geometric rugs

Abadeh – Yalameh – Hamadan – Shiraz

Main regions that give name to the carpets

Azerbaijan – Louristan – Karadahg – Kurdistan – Mahalat – Seraband

Floral carpets seek to reproduce flower gardens, a rare thing in desert regions. The carpets with geometric designs, which pass from generation to generation, seek to symbolize things of the weaver’s daily life, such as a dog, a spider ……. Other times they are influenced by regional cultures.